Monday, May 25, 2020

Abraham Lincoln s Final Days Essay - 1768 Words

This is basically the story of Abraham Lincoln’s final days in office. Pretend the ship represents America, with Lincoln as the captain. The crew symbolizes every citizen in the country and the rough waters epitomize the Civil War. Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered on April, 9th 1865 which effectively ended further unnecessary bloodshed. After billions of dollars in war damages/expenses and over 620,000 Americans had been killed the Civil War was finally over. Just six days after the official Confederate surrender, President Lincoln was shot dead by an assassin’s bullet. He had won the bloodiest war this country has ever seen and led the nation through the most tumultuous and divisive period of American history. The years that should have lied ahead of him would prove to be equally challenging. My prospectus paper will be focused entirely on the United States in the year 1865. Many important people and decisions were made in this span and I would like to discuss the impact that they made and how it effected the country as a whole. There are a few reasons why this time period is still one of the most written about subjects in our country’s history. This four year war led to a couple huge amendments being added to America’s Constitution as well as the Emancipation Proclamation. The topic of Reconstruction matters a great deal because it’s effects can be seen in the modern United States. The post Civil War Reconstruction set out to accomplish theShow MoreRelatedLincoln And Abraham Lincolns I Have A Dream Speech956 Words   |  4 Pagesdarkness, only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate, only love can do that.† Martin Luther King Jr. was an astute abolitionist who performed a vital speech called I Have a Dream. There is another well-known speech just like this one by Abraham Lincoln called The Gettysburg Address. After a ttentively analyzing, comparing, and contrasting these two fundamental speeches in history, the readers have developed a question: how are these speaker’s perspectives of America comparable? These two intellectualsRead MoreAccomplishments Of Abraham Lincoln s Accomplishments1051 Words   |  5 PagesACCOMPLISHMENTS OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN On February 12, 1809 our sixteenth president of the United States, was born in Hardin County, Kentucky, He was the son of Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks, farmers. Thomas Lincoln had come to Kentucky from Virginia with his father Abraham in 1782. He learned only enough literacy to sign his name but gained modest prosperity as a carpenter and farmer on the Kentucky frontier. Thomas Lincoln married Nancy Hanks, whom also illiterate, in 1806. Abraham was born in a logRead MoreKilling Lincoln By Bill O Reilly And Martin Dugard1609 Words   |  7 PagesKilling Lincoln by Bill O Reilly and Martin Dugard is a book that captures the days leading up to and surrounding President Abraham Lincoln’s death. The purpose of this book is to give the reader insight about anything relating to President Abraham Lincoln in his final days. Bill O’Reilly hosts his own news television show called â€Å"The O’Reilly Factor† which is aired on the Fox News Channel where he talks about political issues. He has written many other books with Dugard like Killing Kenn edy: TheRead MoreEssay about The Reconstruction Era: The Planted Seeds1231 Words   |  5 Pagestheir lives for their own belief in the abolishment of slavery (â€Å"Civil War Facts†). â€Å"We here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain. That this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom† (Baslor). These wise words of Abraham Lincoln cleared the way of a desolate trail of violence and pain, yet he was determined to accomplish his plans of abolishing slavery and creating equality. The Civil War, began in 1861 and ended in 1865, yet it was known as one of the bloodiest warsRead MoreLincolns Emancipation Proclamation Essay1447 Words   |  6 PagesAbraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 to April 14, 1865) was the 16th president of the United States and is regarded as one of America s greatest heroes due to his role as savior of the Union and emancipator of the slaves. His rise from humble beginnings to achieving t he highest office in the land is a remarkable story. He was suddenly and tragically assassinated at a time when his country needed him to complete the great task remaining before the nation. His eloquence of democracy and insistence thatRead MoreMr Abraham Lincoln Should Be On The Postage Stamp1416 Words   |  6 PagesMr Abraham Lincoln should be on the postage stamp because he did many grate thing in his life and he served justice to the people. This is somethings he has done here in his time. Abraham Lincoln was born in a log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks Lincoln. Thomas was a strong and determined pioneer who found a moderate level of prosperity and was well respected in the community. The couple had two other children: Abraham s older sister Sarah and younger brother ThomasRead MoreJames L. Swanson s Bloody Times : The Funeral Of Abraham Lincoln And The Manhunt For Jefferson Davis950 Words   |  4 Pages James L. Swanson’s Bloody T imes: The Funeral of Abraham Lincoln and The Manhunt for Jefferson Davis describes the separate journey of the two most important faces of the civil war, Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis. Swanson seems to write for the purpose of allowing readers to experience the final journeys of what he believes is the most unique time in history. This adolescent version of Swanson’s adult novel, Bloody Crimes, describes Lincoln’s journey to the grave and the manhunt for the accusedRead MoreAbraham Lincoln And The Civil War1283 Words   |  6 PagesWar, one must understand Abraham Lincoln. Abraham Lincoln was elected in 1860 (History 1). He was elected as the 16th president (History 1). After Lincoln was elected, the South was vehemently opposed to him. Lincoln had campaigned on an anti slavery platform, which the South could not accept. The opposition was so extreme that Lincoln had to make the last part of his trip from Springfield Illinois through Baltimore Maryland in disguise because of the anti Lincoln riots in Baltimore. SeveralRead MoreThe Legacy Of Abraham Lincoln1230 Words   |  5 Pageswhen Jack so his strength. Abraham Lincoln worked to earn money by doing farm work. When some people saw him reading while working they thought he was lazy but he just loved books. When Abe got older he studied law without a teacher. Abraham Lincoln became a lawyer. He was interested in politics. So people said that he should run for public office he ran for Senate, Congress then the most important one of all, President. Abraham Lincoln the 16th president. Abraham Lincoln had to do a lot while he wasRead MoreThe Presidency Of The United States1401 Words   |  6 PagesThe Presidency While some nineteenth century presidents, such as Abraham Lincoln, wielded great power and significantly influenced the future of the United States, many were really just caretakers eclipsed in prominence by various industrialists and robber barons. The modern American presidency was actually the creation of Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt who by different means expanded and strengthened the office of the President of the United States. The Roosevelt family revolutionized how the

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Applications of Discrete Mathematics - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 7 Words: 2027 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2017/09/16 Category Advertising Essay Did you like this example? DISCRETE MATHEMATICS Discrete mathematics is the study of mathematical structures that are fundamentally discrete rather than continuous. In contrast to real numbers that have the property of varying smoothly, the objects studied in discrete mathematics – such as integers, graphs, and statements in logic – do not vary smoothly in this way, but have distinct, separated values. Discrete mathematics therefore excludes topics in continuous mathematics such as calculus and analysis. Discrete objects can often be enumerated by integers. More formally, discrete mathematics has been characterized as the branch of mathematics dealing with countable sets (sets that have the same cardinality as subsets of the integers, including rational numbers but not real numbers). However, there is no exact, universally agreed, definition of the term discrete mathematics. Indeed, discrete mathematics is described less by what is included than by what is excluded: continuously varying quantities and related notions. The set of objects studied in discrete mathematics can be finite or infinite. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Applications of Discrete Mathematics" essay for you Create order The term finite mathematics is sometimes applied to parts of the field of discrete mathematics that deals with finite sets, particularly those areas relevant to business. Research in discrete mathematics increased in the latter half of the twentieth century partly due to the development of digital computers which operate in discrete steps and store data in discrete bits. Concepts and notations from discrete mathematics are useful in studying and describing objects and problems in branches of computer science, such as computer algorithms, programming languages, cryptography, automated theorem proving, and software development. Conversely, computer implementations are significant in applying ideas from discrete mathematics to real-world problems, such as in operations research. Although the main objects of study in discrete mathematics are discrete objects, analytic methods from continuous mathematics are often employed as well. Discrete mathematics is the branch of mathematics dealing with objects that can assume only distinct, separated values. The term discrete mathematics is therefore used in contrast with continuous mathematics, which is the branch of mathematics dealing with objects that can vary smoothly (and which includes, for example, calculus). Whereas discrete objects can often be characterized by integers, continuous objects require real numbers. The study of how discrete objects combine with one another and the probabilities of various outcomes is known as combinatorics. Other fields of mathematics that are considered to be part of discrete mathematics include graph theory and the theory of computation. Topics in discrete mathematics Complexity studies the time taken by algorithms, such as this sorting routine. Theoretical computer science includes areas of discrete mathematics relevant to computing. It draws heavily on graph theory and logic. Included within theoretical computer science is the study of algorithms for computing mathematical results. Computability studies what can be computed in principle, and has close ties to logic, while complexity studies the time taken by computations. Automata theory and formal language theory are closely related to computability. Petri nets and process algebras are used to model computer systems, and methods from discrete mathematics are used in analyzing VLSI electronic circuits. Computational geometry applies algorithms to geometrical problems, while computer image analysis applies them to representations of images. Theoretical computer science also includes the study of continuous computational topics such as analog computation, continuous computability such as computable analysis, continuous complexity such as information-based complexity, and continuous systems and models of computation such as analog VLSI, analog automata, differential petri nets, real time process algebra. Information theory The ASCII codes for the word Wikipedia, given here in binary, provide a way of representing the word in information theory, as well as for information-processing algorithms. Information theory involves the quantification of information. Closely related is coding theory which is used to design efficient and reliable data transmission and storage methods. Information theory also includes continuous topics such as: analog signals, analog coding, analog encryption. Logic Logic is the study of the principles of valid reasoning and inference, as well as of consistency, soundness, and completeness. For example, in most systems of logic (but not in intuitionistic logic) Peirces law (((PQ)P)P) is a theorem. For classical logic, it can be easily verified with a truth table. The study of mathematical proof is particularly important in logic, and has applications to automated theorem proving and formal verification of software. Logical formulas are discrete structures, as are proofs, which form finite trees[8] or, more generally, directed acyclic graph structures[9][10] (with each inference step combining one or more premise branches to give a single conclusion). The truth values of logical formulas usually form a finite set, generally restricted to two values: true and false, but logic can also be continuous-valued, e. g. , fuzzy logic. Concepts such as infinite proof trees or infinite derivation trees have also been studied,[11] e. g. infinitary logic. Set theory Set theory is the branch of mathematics that studies sets, which are collections of objects, such as {blue, white, red} or the (infinite) set of all prime numbers. Partially ordered sets and sets with other relations have applications in several areas. In discrete mathematics, countable sets (including finite sets) are the main focus. The beginning of set theory as a branch of mathematics is usually marked by Georg Cantors work distinguishing between different kinds of infinite set, motivated by the study of trigonometric series, and further development of the theory of infinite sets is outside the scope of discrete mathematics. Indeed, contemporary work in descriptive set theory makes extensive use of traditional continuous mathematics. Combinatorics Combinatorics studies the way in which discrete structures can be combined or arranged. Enumerative combinatorics concentrates on counting the number of certain combinatorial objects e. g. the twelvefold way provides a unified framework for counting permutations, combinations and partitions. Analytic combinatorics concerns the enumeration of combinatorial structures using tools from complex analysis and probability theory. In contrast with enumerative combinatorics which uses explicit combinatorial formulae and generating functions to describe the results, analytic combinatorics aims at obtaining asymptotic formulae. Design theory is a study of combinatorial designs, which are collections of subsets with certain intersection properties. Partition theory studies various enumeration and asymptotic problems related to integer partitions, and is closely related to q-series, special functions and orthogonal polynomials. Originally a part of number theory and analysis, partition theory is now considered a part of combinatorics or an independent field. Order theory is the study of partially ordered sets, both finite and infinite. Graph theory Graph theory has close links to group theory. This truncated tetrahedron graph is related to the alternating group A4. Graph theory, the study of graphs and networks, is often considered part of combinatorics, but has grown large enough and distinct enough, with its own kind of problems, to be regarded as a subject in its own right. [12] Algebraic graph theory has close links with group theory. Graph theory has widespread applications in all areas of mathematics and science. There are even continuous graphs. Probability Discrete probability theory deals with events that occur in countable sample spaces. For example, count observations such as the numbers of birds in flocks comprise only natural number values {0, 1, 2, . On the other hand, continuous observations such as the weights of birds comprise real number values and would typically be modeled by a continuous probability distribution such as the normal. Discrete probability distributions can be used to approximate continuous ones and vice versa. For highly constrained situations such as throwing dice or experiments with decks of cards, calculat ing the probability of events is basically enumerative combinatorics. Number theory The Ulam spiral of numbers, with black pixels showing prime numbers. This diagram hints at patterns in the distribution of prime numbers. Main article: Number theory Number theory is concerned with the properties of numbers in general, particularly integers. It has applications to cryptography, cryptanalysis, and cryptology, particularly with regard to prime numbers and primality testing. Other discrete aspects of number theory include geometry of numbers. In analytic number theory, techniques from continuous mathematics are also used. Topics that go beyond discrete objects include transcendental numbers, diophantine approximation, p-adic analysis and function fields. Algebra Algebraic structures occur as both discrete examples and continuous examples. Discrete algebras include: boolean algebra used in logic gates and programming; relational algebra used in databases; discrete and finite versions of groups, rings and fields are important in algebraic coding theory; discrete semigroups and monoids appear in the theory of formal languages. Calculus of finite differences, discrete calculus or discrete analysis A function defined on an interval of the integers is usually called a sequence. A sequence could be a finite sequence from some data source or an infinite sequence from a discrete dynamical system. Such a discrete function could be defined explicitly by a list (if its domain is finite), or by a formula for its general term, or it could be given implicitly by a recurrence relation or difference equation. Difference equations are similar to a differential equations, but replace differentiation by taking the difference between adjacent terms; they can be used to approximate differential equations or (more often) studied in their own right. Many questions and methods concerning differential equations have counterparts for difference equations. For instance where there are integral transforms in harmonic analysis for studying continuous functions or analog signals, there are discrete transforms for discrete functions or digital signals. As well as the discrete metric there are more general discrete or finite metric spaces and finite topological spaces. Geometry Computational geometry applies computer algorithms to representations of geometrical objects. Main articles: discrete geometry and computational geometry Discrete geometry and combinatorial geometry are about combinatorial properties of discrete collections of geometrical objects. A long-standing topic in discrete geometry is tiling of the plane. Computational geometry applies algorithms to geometrical problems. Topology Although topology is the field of mathematics that formalizes and generalizes the intuitive notion of continuous deformation of objects, it gives rise to many discrete topics; this can be attributed in part to the focus on topological invariants, which themselves usually take discrete values. See combinatorial topology, topological graph theory, topological combinatorics, computational topology, discrete topological space, finite topological space. Operations research Operations research provides techniques for solving practical problems in business and other fields — problems such as allocating resources to maximize profit, or scheduling project activities to minimize risk. Operations research techniques include linear programming and other areas of optimization, queuing theory, scheduling theory, network theory. Operations research also includes continuous topics such as continuous-time Markov process, continuous-time martingales, process optimization, and continuous and hybrid control theory. Game theory, decision theory, utility theory, social choice theory | Cooperate| Defect| Cooperate| -1, -1| -10, 0| Defect| 0, -10| -5, -5| Payoff matrix for the Prisoners dilemma, a common example in game theory. One player chooses a row, the other a column; the resulting pair gives their payoffs| Decision theory is concerned with identifying the values, uncertainties and other issues relevant in a given decision, its rationality, and the resulting optimal decision. Utility theory is about measures of the relative economic satisfaction from, or desirability of, consumption of various goods and services. Social choice theory is about voting. A more puzzle-based approach to voting is ballot theory. Game theory deals with situations where success depends on the choices of others, which makes choosing the best course of action more complex. There are even continuous games, see differential game. Topics include auction theory and fair division. Discretization Discretization concerns the process of transferring continuous models and quations into discrete counterparts, often for the purposes of making calculations easier by using approximations. Numerical analysis provides an important example. Discrete analogues of continuous mathematics There are many concepts in continuous mathematics which have discrete versions, such as discrete calculus, discrete probability distributions, discrete Fourier transforms, discrete geometry, discrete logarithms, disc rete differential geometry, discrete exterior calculus, discrete Morse theory, difference equations, and discrete dynamical systems. In applied mathematics, discrete modelling is the discrete analogue of continuous modelling. In discrete modelling, discrete formulae are fit to data. A common method in this form of modelling is to use recurrence relations. Hybrid discrete and continuous mathematics The time scale calculus is a unification of the theory of difference equations with that of differential equations, which has applications to fields requiring simultaneous modelling of discrete and continuous data.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Impact Of Sustainability On The Environment - 1715 Words

‘Sustainability’, a word which everyone is coming across more often than ever before in today’s world. Yet, when it comes to defining and understanding this word, we observe various definitions and interpretations across people of various backgrounds. The question ‘What is sustainability?’ can be compared with the question ‘What is life?’. For some, life is a physical entity between birth and death, for others it the a non physical entity of way of living and so on. Similarly, Engineers, Architects, Doctors, Businessmen, Economists, Investors, Citizens, Politics, Environmentalists and people from various other domains have different interpretations and meanings of the word ‘Sustainability’. Not only does it depend on profession or area of†¦show more content†¦The Earth is approximately 4.5 billion years old and ever since, it is evolving and changing its properties. Some of the changes observed by scientists are cyc lic (Ice age, Mass Extinction, etc.) and some unpredictable (Extinction of dinosaurs by asteroid, mutations, etc.). Throughout the evolution of earth from a heavenly mass of fire to today’s form, innumerable kinds of organisms have thrived on this planet, but none of them have ever influenced the planet as much as Humans are influencing, especially in last couple of centuries. Never has been such exploitation of natural resources and never was economy such important part of the society. Since industrial revolution, there has been rapid development in science and technology, communication, health, machineries, business models, consumption of energy, etc. The sense of security of life in terms of health, safety and luxury has been experienced by human beings like never before. This has led to exponential growth of population. Human population has thrived because of these factors in last 2 centuries. Before 200 years, global population was less than 1 billion, total it has cross ed mark of 7 billion and increasing at the rate of 250,000 new born babies will join world population daily(Ourworldindata.org). As a result, increase in demand of food, shelter, resources and energy. Some of the following statistics are listed

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

I. Charles Lazarus Biographical Information Essay Example For Students

I. Charles Lazarus Biographical Information Essay Charles Lazarus, one of several children, was born on October 4, 1923. The Lazarus family lived in an apartment above their shop in Washington D.C. His father bought old, broken bicycles, repaired and painted them, and then sold them for a profit. Charles spent a great deal of time in his fathers bicycle shop when he was young. When he grew older, he helped his father fix the bikes and serve customers, as well as give input on how to improve the business. Charles didnt understand why their store didnt sell new bikes, and his father explained that larger stores could buy the bikes cheaper in large quantities and therefore could sell them at discounted prices. Charles often longed for his own store when he grew older. Lazarus was in his early twenties when he left the Army. He didnt want to go to college and knew only one thing: I wanted to work and I wanted to make money. Because of his ambitiousness and hard work ethics, Charles decided to go into retailing. It was his fathers example as well as his years spent in the bicycle shop that gave him much of his business training. II.The History of Toys R UsDuring the post war years of the late forties and early fifties, Charles Lazarus anticipated the baby boom because many soldiers were being discharged from the Army and were beginning to start families. In 1948, he borrowed $2,000 and started his first business, selling baby furniture. His first shop was 40 feet by 60 feet, filled with cribs and baby furniture. After two years of operation, Lazarus realized that many customers had been asking if he stocked baby toys, to which he always replied no. It was at this point that he realized the customers want toys.To begin with, Lazarus stocked only a few infant toys. As the customers kids grew and their needs became more varied, however, he began to sell tricycles, books, and a much wider range of toys. Charles first got the idea for a self-service supermarket while on a trip to New York. He recognized the efficiency of the supermarket grocery stores and decided to reorganize his store, modeling it after a supermarket. In his new reorganized store he had several different styles of an item in stock, as opposed to the one or two styles in his original store that had to be ordered from the company after a customer decided to purchase the item. Not only could he sell the items at a lower price to his customers and still make a profit, but also when a customer chose a particular item, he could deliver it immediately. He renamed his improved store to Baby Furniture and Toy Supermarket. Soon after the reorganization of his first store, Lazarus opened another one. He quickly realized that he would have to invest in training other people to manage the stores and keep them up and running. After deciding that the current name of his store still didnt convey an accurate description of what the store had to offer, which was now primarily toys, he renamed his stores to Toys R Us, with the R reversed. This became the distinctive logo for his company. In later years, Geoffrey the Giraffe would become the companys mascot, and would create a memorable, positive impression with shoppers. III. Toys R Us Current Status In the Market PlaceA. How Toys R Us Exists TodayToday Toys R Us is more successful than ever. With 700 toy stores in America and 441 international stores, they are the largest toy store chain in the world. Along with the Toys R Us toy stores, there are 215 Kids R Us stores in the United States, as well as 98 Babies R Us stores nationwide. The company is listed as common stock on the New York Stock Exchange (see Appendix) and as of March 10, 1998, had 31,700 stockholders on record. .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23 , .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23 .postImageUrl , .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23 , .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23:hover , .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23:visited , .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23:active { border:0!important; } .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23:active , .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23 .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uf71f8de8adaeb222a69283ac62677c23:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Critical Essay On Mary Shelley's FrankensteinB. Market Growth and Expansion StrategiesCharles Lazarus company developed many strategies to stay ahead in the market and of the competition, if any. The most important strategy was buying in quantity in order to sell at a discount. Toys R Us could buy items in large quantities at a discounted price per item because of the large volume. They could then turn around and sell the items to consumers for little above wholesale cost and still make a profit. Lazarus identified another main attraction for customers a large selection. He decided that if people knew that he had, for example, every different type of stroller available, t hey would come to visit his store and see the largest selection of strollers all in one place and save time. He bought not just one line, but everything, so that if a customer wanted to buy a stroller, they would have hundreds to chose from. Although customers only wanted to buy one stroller, they still wanted to see all the strollers that were available. Another way Lazarus figured out how to attract customers was to sell a standard, essential item at outrageous discount, especially in the non-holiday season. The item he chose was Pampers, and his stores are known for selling Pampers at rock bottom prices. However, in every Toys R Us store, the Pampers are located far away from the check out lines. Therefore, shoppers have to walk through the entire store before they can get to the diapers. When the shoppers, most likely with their children, pass all the merchandise, they are bound to leave the store with more than simply a package of diapers. Yet another important attraction for customers, as Lazarus found out, was having an adequate supply of an item the customer wanted. In other stores, a shopper might only find five of the items on his or her list. Therefore they would have to go to other stores to find the other items, which wasted too much time. By using a very complex computerized system, the inventory stays on pace with sales. This helps to reduce the chances of a customer not finding what he or she is looking for on the shelves. When a customer walks into our store with a list of ten items, we hope to have all ten, said Lazarus. C. Competitive MarketIn reality, Toys R Us really has no true competition. While several department stores and smaller toy stores located in shopping malls sell a respectable volume of toys, Charles Lazarus has clearly eliminated all competition. He explains, Department stores have such overhead that they simply cannot compete with what we are able to do. We can sell an item at a much lower price. What we have is more of a distribution system. What weve done more than anything else is to get the merchandise from the manufacturer to our register at the least possible cost.

Thursday, April 9, 2020

Australasian Legal Information

Australasian Legal Information Australasian Legal InformationEnglish: Legal Research Center at Lewis and secondary legal materials (law reform and royal commission reports).AustLII a seamless electronic access to primary and secondary sources of law, compared to books located through the conventional law library, is a highly desirable method for legal research. AustLII provided an excellent introduction to more structured searching for materials just as legislations and, particularly when used in conjunction with keyword searching, it increased search success. AustLII increases work speed and efficiency due to the ability to search for all your information in one place. It is also very easy to search through information using hypertext links. Text manipulation is a further advantage of using AustLII. Once the information required is found, you can easily save it, print it and cut and past it into documents you are working on. This is a stark contrast to the manual library research process Also, at any time I was able to retrace my steps by clicking the "back" function on the Internet browser.Although the overall usefulness of AustLII depended to a great extend on the clarity of its and the extent to which its coverage and subdivision of a topic matches the understanding of the topic. The search engine did not offer annotations or expand on key words as of yet. Simply through placing a phrase in quotation marks or slightly altering its wording, one can dramatically alter the results a search engine returns. It is therefore important to rephrase a search entry if it does not work before it is discarded. For example, a search...

Monday, March 9, 2020

The History and Career of Smokey the Bear

The History and Career of Smokey the Bear Smokey Bear came to us by necessity. At the beginning of World War II, Americans feared that an enemy attack or sabotage could destroy our forest resources at a time when wood products were greatly needed. In the spring of 1942, a Japanese submarine fired shells onto an oil field in Southern California near Los Padres National Forest. Government officials were relieved that the shelling did not start a forest fire but were determined to provide protection. The USDA Forest Service organized the Cooperative Forest Fire Prevention (CFFP) Program in 1942. It encouraged citizens nationwide to make a personal effort to prevent forest fires. It was a mobilized civilian effort in support of the war effort to protect valuable trees. Timber was a primary commodity for battleships, gunstocks, and packing crates for military transport. Character Development Walt Disneys Bambi character was very popular and was used on an initial anti-fire poster. The success of this poster demonstrated that an animal of the forest was the best messenger to promote the prevention of accidental forest fires. On August 2, 1944, the Forest Service and the War Advertising Council introduced a bear as their campaign symbol.​ Albert Staehle, noted illustrator of animals, worked with this description to paint the forest fire prevention bear. His art appeared in the 1945 campaign, and the advertising symbol was given the name Smokey Bear. The bear was named Smokey after Smokey Joe Martin, who was Assistant Chief of the New York City Fire Department from 1919 to 1930. Rudy Wendelin, an artist for the Forest Service, began producing a tremendous quantity of Smokey Bear art in various media for special events, publications, and licensed products to promote the fire prevention symbol. Long after retiring, he created the art for the Smokey Bears 40th anniversary commemorative U.S. Postage stamp. Many within the Forest Service still acknowledge Wendelin as being the true Smokey Bear artist. The Ad Campaign After World War II, the War Advertising Council changed its name to The Advertising Council. In the years that followed, the focus of Smokeys campaign broadened to appeal to children as well as adults. But it was not until the 1965 campaign and the work of Smokey artist Chuck Kuderna that Smokeys image evolved into the one we know today. The Smokey Bear concept has matured into a cottage industry of collectibles and educational material on fire prevention. One of the most popular Smokey products is a set of posters known as his educational poster collection. The Real Smokey Bear Smokey Bears living history began early in 1950 when  a burned cub survived a fire in the Lincoln National Forest near Capitan, New Mexico. Because this bear survived a terrible forest fire and won the love and imagination of the American public, many people mistakenly believe the cub was the original Smokey Bear but, in reality, he did not come along until the advertising symbol was almost six years old. After being nursed back to health, Smokey came to live at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C. as a living counterpart to the CFFP Programs fire prevention symbol. Over the years, thousands of people from around the world came to see Smokey Bear at the National Zoo. A mate, Goldie, was introduced with the hope a young Smokey would continue the tradition of the famous living symbol. These efforts failed and an adopted son was sent to the zoo so the aged bear could retire on May 2, 1975. After many years of popularity, the original Smokey died in 1976. His remains were returned to Capitan and rest beneath a stone marker in Smokey Bear Historical State Park. For more than 15 years, the adopted Smokey carried on as the living symbol, but in 1990, when the second Smokey Bear died, the living symbol was laid to rest. Smokeys Detractors Smokey Bears task is becoming increasingly difficult. In years past, it was a challenge for his message to reach traditional visitors to the forest. Now we are faced with getting his wildfire prevention message to an increasing number of people who live in and around these areas. But Smokey the Bear may have done too good a job. There are some who suggest that we have eliminated fire to the point that it is hurting not only forest management but is building fuels for future fire disaster. They dont want Smokeys message out anymore. Charles Little, in an editorial called Smokeys Revenge, states that in many circles the bear is a pariah. Even at the National Zoo in Washington DC, which tends to be inclusive, the popular Smokey Bear exhibit was quietly dismantled in 1991 - after having featured since 1950 a bear going by this name (involving two separate animals). The point is, Smokeys ecological correctness quotient is low, as an increasing number of forest ecologists have been pointing out in recent years. We anthropomorphize at our peril. Another good essay was written by Jim Carrier for High Country News. It gives a humorous but somewhat cynical view of Smokey. He does not sugar-coat and offers a very entertaining piece called  An Agency Icon at 50. This is a must read! Adapted from USDA Forest Service Publication FS-551 The Real Smokey Bear Smokey Bears living history began early in 1950, when a burned cub survived a fire in the Lincoln National Forest near Capitan, New Mexico. Because this bear survived a terrible forest fire and won the love and imagination of the American public, many people mistakenly believe the cub was the original Smokey Bear, but in reality he did not come along until the advertising symbol was almost six years old. After being nursed back to health, Smokey came to live at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C., as a living counterpart to the CFFP Programs fire prevention symbol. Over the years, thousands of people from around the world came to see Smokey Bear at the National Zoo. A mate, Goldie, was introduced with the hope a young Smokey would continue the tradition of the famous living symbol. These efforts failed and an adopted son was sent to the zoo so the aged bear could retire on May 2, 1975. After many years of popularity, the original Smokey died in 1976. His remains were returned to Capitan and rest beneath a stone marker in Smokey Bear Historical State Park. For more than 15 years, the adopted Smokey carried on as the living symbol, but in 1990, when the second Smokey Bear died, the living symbol was laid to rest. Smokeys Detractors Smokey Bears task is becoming increasingly difficult. In years past, it was a challenge for his message to reach traditional visitors to the forest. Now we are faced with getting his wildfire prevention message to an increasing number of people who live in and around these areas. But Smokey the Bear may have done too good a job. There are some who suggest that we have eliminated fire to the point that it is hurting not only forest management but is building fuels for future fire disaster. They dont want Smokeys message out anymore. Charles Little, in an editorial called Smokeys Revenge, states that in many circles the bear is a pariah. Even at the National Zoo in Washington DC, which tends to be inclusive, the popular Smokey Bear exhibit was quietly dismantled in 1991 - after having featured since 1950 a bear going by this name (involving two separate animals). The point is, Smokeys ecological correctness quotient is low, as an increasing number of forest ecologists have been pointing out in recent years. We anthropomorphize at our peril. Another good essay was written by Jim Carrier for High Country News. It gives a humorous but somewhat cynical view of Smokey. He does not sugar-coat and offers a very entertaining piece called An Agency Icon at 50. This is a must read! Adapted from USDA Forest Service Publication FS-551

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Animals in Visual Arts Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Animals in Visual Arts - Assignment Example The aim of the discourse is to proffer pertinent ideas of the type of filmmaking that one finds interesting. Currently, I actually have five ideas in mind that has been thought of as virtually interesting. These ideas are categorized as follows: (1) seeing animals in fantasy; (2) cultural and social influence and impact of social networking sites, particularly Facebook; (3) the claw game; (4) life within the womb; and (5) exploring the dark. For the first idea, one finds illustrating animals in fantasy as thought provoking and would entail a lot of innovative and creative talent. For the wild animals, I have envisioned them being transformed to tame animals: taking away everything that makes them wild or the strength that helps them attack. For instance, one sees the lion opening his mouth and his teeth are like baby teeth; the elephants will be petite; the eagle flying without sharp claws and brick; the frog without a long tong to catch the insects; and the bear without sharp nails and sharp teeth. What one believes that it would be an interesting concept for the human being ability to approach these previously wild animals and accept them as regular part of everyday life. On the other hand, I see parallel transformations for the tame animals as well as evolving into free and independent animals: for example the turtle will be free from its shell and will be able to move without it faster - not needing to be hidden anymore; so as the snail and the deer would not need to worry if the lions are around. And other animals won’t be hiding under a rock or in a cave and at the end of this short animation, there is a scene when a deer is running and escaping from a lion who is trying to attack and suddenly what the lion really wanted was to lick the deer’s face. Wonder of all, the deer opens its eyes and realizes that it was all a dream; but a dream that came true. The wild and tame animals are not anymore segregated and start running and playing with ea ch other in a unified world. For the second idea, the source for the plot is one’s cultural background and experience. I think it would be interesting to depict the social anxieties and struggles contemporary generation face from social networking sites, particularly Facebook. This idea focuses on cultural response and reaction to social networking. One envisions a local community where each member lived in a tranquil environment. A simple teen-ager in her own room posts pictures of favorite celebrities on her wall (a wall very similar to Facebook) where friends’ updated statuses, memorable events, places that were visited could be viewed as frequently as one intends to. However, since she considers this a magical wall, she covers it and hides it from people. Somehow, the secret is revealed and people coming knocking on the door and they come just to look at the wall. This girl’s wall is then compared to other girls within the community who has not discovered th e secret to the magical wall. Their lives could be seen as conservative, boring, but not subject to prying eyes. People who discovered the magical wall have posted all things about them and their friends which were revealed in their entirety to the community. There are diverse reactions ranging from awe, amazement, curiosity, embarrassment, frustration, hate, anger and eventually despair and being isolated.